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Scuba Diving Puerto Rico Is a Crystal Dream Of Every Diver!



Sometimes scuba diving Puerto Rico is called "every diver's crystal dream" because it is the most attractive and comfortable place for diving in all the Caribbean. Diving in Puerto Rico - it is always an unforgettable adventure. Mysterious caves and pristine reefs, colourful and diverse flora and fauna, the continental shelf that forms an underwater wall around the island will give you a lot of incredible experiences! Visibility under water is not less than 30 m, and the water temperature does not drop below 25C, so you can dive for your pleasure. For those who prefer deep-sea diving in Puerto Rico has the most modern and unique in all of Latin America, a high-tech pressure chamber, in which it will be possible to undergo rehabilitation after an underwater adventure or emergencies.



Scuba diving Puerto Rico


Scuba Diving Puerto Rico: General Information

Scuba diving has long been one of the main attractions of Puerto Rico, and once you get there, you will understand why. Puerto Rico - it is simply a paradise for divers. Weather conditions are favorable for diving and underwater photography throughout the year. Average water temperature is +27 º C, visibility - 20 meters in the coastal zone and over 30 meters in open water.

Scuba diving Puerto Rico offers a shallow dives from the shore, diving from a boat, wreck diving, and fascinating night diving. In tropical Caribbean waters surrounding Puerto Rico has it all: pristine reefs, spectacular walls, intriguing caves, many corals, including quite rare, diverse marine life, which creates perfect background for snorkeling. Flocks of brightly colored fish coexist with endangered manatees and humpback whales.

For beginners in diving there is a PADI dive center in "old" port, whose staff speaks several languages. Here you will find different in complexity and types of diving. If you do not have a license, you can sign up for dive courses, at the end of which you will plunge into the exciting underwater world with an experienced instructor.


No matter on which coast you are in the island - there are many places where you can go scuba diving Puerto Rico. The best places in the northern coast of the country are at some distance from the shore, because the water is muddy because of flowing rivers in the Caribbean Sea. But the western, southern and eastern shores have always been known for its exceptionally clear water.

Most of the dive operators and scuba shops with equipment are located in the capital of Puerto Rico - San Juan, as most tourists spend their holidays there. Usually dive tours to the northeastern part of the island are organized from San Juan. Today it is the most popular place among fans of diving.

A surfers' paradise - Rincon also is a great place for diving, and probably the 2nd most popular after San Juan. Desecheo Island, located west of Rincon is famous for its nine-kilometer underwater canyon, and is considered a unique place for diving.

Magnificent dive sites are located on the northern coast of the island of Vieques and the east coast of the island of Culebra. Also Mona island and dive sites around Humacao and Fajardo are quite popular among divers.

Puerto Rico's waters are home to many shipwrecks. Vieques, once the home of a U.S. Navy bombing range, has the wreck of an old destroyer that was a practice target in about 40 feet of water. The Witt Power, a tugboat that sank in 1984, also rests in 40 feet of water off Culebra. Puerto Rico also has an airplane wreck in the form of a Piper Cherokee that went down in 50 feet of water.


Scuba Diving Puerto Rico: Diving Conditions

Average water temperature on the top layer of Puerto Rico's seas is 85 degrees F in the summer and 75 degrees F in the winter. Most divers need only a shorty wetsuit in the summer, but a 2mm full wetsuit is needed in winter.
Visibility is in the 60- to 80-foot range in the waters around the main island. It is routinely above 100 feet around smaller islands such as Mona, Culebra and Desecheo. One wall dive site off Mona Island sometimes reaches an astounding 200-foot visibility.



Scuba Diving Puerto Rico: Marine Flora & Fauna

As a Caribbean island, Puerto Rico offers a rich diversity of sea life. The reefs and sea walls are decorated with black tree, elkhorn, brain corals and a wide variety of sponges. Local fish sighted by divers include barracuda, dolphins, eels, jacks, flounders, nurse sharks, grouper, sardines and trumpetfish.

Not far from the main island is a small island of Mona. It is under the protection of the National Fund of natural resources. Mona Island is known to attract big sea creatures, from various species of sharks to humpback whales. It is home to one of the largest colonies of sea turtles, giant lizards and wild goats. Also migration of humpback whales passes through the waters of this island.
Transparency of the water around Mona is about 50 meters and with its elegant coral reefs there are excellent conditions for scuba diving Puerto Rico. To visit this island special permit is required.


Scuba Diving Puerto Rico: Scuba Diving Centres


Paradise Scuba Sea Ventures The Dive Shop Puerto Rico Casa del Mar Scuba Diving Island Scuba
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Just a few Dive Shops of Puerto Rico (click on TripAdvisor icon to read divers' reviews)


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Scuba Diving Puerto Rico: The Best Scuba Diving Locations

Scuba diving Puerto Rico offers many excellent dive sites. The best places for diving off the northern coast of the island are at some distance from the shore, because rivers carry into the sea a lot of suspended particles that impede orientation under water. But the western, southern and eastern shores have always been known for its exceptionally clear water and beautiful reefs.

The legendary island of Desecheo, which is lying west of Rincon, is famous for its nine-kilometer underwater canyon, and is considered the best place in the Caribbean for diving. Also there are many picturesque underwater areas near Humacao, south of Fajardo and around a deserted Palominos island and around the eastern shore of Culebra.


The Cracks

  • Skill level: beginner;
  • Depth: 60 feet;
  • Access: boat


A short ride from the dock at Palmas del Mar resort near Humacao, The Cracks is the archetypal eastern site. From above, the reef looks like a giant jigsaw puzzle with its interlocking shapes just slightly askew. In between the rocks, the area's trademark channels are an arcade of marine life, with dozens of gobies tending shop at cleaning stations.


Mona Island

  • Skill level: beginner to advanced;
  • Depth: 20-130 feet;
  • Access: boat


Beyond Desecheo is Mona, which lies halfway between Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic. The 45-mile ride can be rough, but the island has been nominated as a national marine sanctuary. The island is a platform that rises from mile-deep water. Despite having a diveable area of less than five square miles, Mona packs variety and intensity into every acre. Extensive, well-developed spur-and-groove systems, patch reefs, fringing reefs and deep vertical walls would be enough reason to visit.

But the island also has an extensive system of underwater caverns called La Carmelitas in depths of 20 feet to 60 feet. The tunnels and undercuts swarm with fish and sessile life and giant basket sponges cling to the ledge at 100 feet. The southeastern edge of the island is rimmed by the Carabinero drop-off. From shore, the bottom extends out about 200 yards, sloping down to about 33 feet. From there, things get vertical, dropping to a narrow ledge at 50 feet, and then it's a straight shot down to 3,000 feet. The wall supports colonies of black corals and a wide variety of sponges.


Desecheo Island

  • Skill level: intermediate to advanced;
  • Depth: 20-130 feet;
  • Access: boat


Located 14 miles off of Rincón, on the west side of the island. Thrust up by a slip fault in the ocean floor and surrounded by really, really, really deep water, Desecho is a gem. The sedimentary rock at the base of the island has been honeycombed by waves over the millennia, leaving caves above water and plenty of terraces, caverns and crevices below. Miles of red and lavender rope sponge snake over the rocky bottom with herds of black durgons, chromis and trumpetfish scooting in, among and between. The backside of Desecheo is a shallow coral garden, including an incredible field of five- to six-foot lavender sea fans.


Fallen Rock (La Parguera)

  • Skill level: beginner to advanced;
  • Depth: 75-120 feet;
  • Access: boat


From La Parguera, divers have access to one of the most outstanding walls in the Caribbean. Fallen Rock is a site which is typical of this wall; which means, it's not at all a typical dive. Spur-and-groove bottom covers the top of the wall, offering up hordes of colorful tropicals and a dense bramble of branching corals and sponges. Swimming around a promontory, divers encounter a huge chunk of limestone the size and shape of a school bus lying on a ledge at 120 feet.
The top soars up to 80 feet, and on, over and around it are battalions of soldierfish, chromis, wrasses, trumpets and triggerfish. Opposite the boulder is a crater in the wall, thickly hung with masses of row-pore sponge and a forest of bushy black coral. Between the sponges and corals is a plush carpet of anemones, encrusting sponge, rare orange ball corallimorphs, bristle and plume worms and bluebell tunicates. The entire wall is spectacular, and this site gets a solid "wow!" rating from everyone who sees it!


Cayo Diablo West

  • Skill level: beginner to intermediate;
  • Depth: 5-45 feet;
  • Access: boat


Another Fajardo dive, access to Cayo Diablo can be limited by swells and wind. When the time is right, however, this is the right place. A fringing reef wraps the island in rings of hard and soft corals. Currents range from mild to strong, bringing in clear water along with schools of barracuda and the occasional eagle ray. There's a beach for surface intervals with some good snorkeling right in front.


Cayo Raton

  • Skill level: beginner;
  • Depth: 50 feet;
  • Access: boat


Located on the west side of the island of Culebra, the Cayo is a small rocky islet. A patch reef on the east side is swarmed by schools of Spanish and French grunts intermixed with French and queen angels, jacks and rock beauties. Tangles of sponge add a touch of color to the volcanic reefscape, while large boulders provide ground for unlimited exploration.


Angel Reef (Vieques)

  • Skill level: beginner;
  • Depth: 50 feet;
  • Access: boat


If you're looking for wilderness diving, this rarely dived site truly fits the bill. It's a shallow dive, at 40 to 60 feet, in a spur-and-groove reef, with corals in near-pristine condition. Have your dive guide show you the old Spanish anchors wedged into the reef and watch for groups of gray angelfish.


Scuba diving Puerto Rico offers everything for all divers with different skill levels, but all are always happy! There are training schools for novice divers where they can take a course with experienced instructors who will be more than glad to help. All necessary equipment can be purchased here or taken for rent. Professional divers prefer diving from a boat: there are countless places with spectacular diving that will be in your memory forever!


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