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Scuba Diving In Australia
Australia is one of the best and most popular places in the world for diving, and scuba diving in Australia is the one of the water activity that you need to try, if you think, that you are fair dinkum diver! Diversity of the underwater world attracts divers from all over the world, amateurs and professionals. Australia is home to about 1,500 species of fish, 350 species of coral, 10,000 species of sponges and 4,000 types of molluscs. In the coastal waters of Australia could be found marine animals that live only here - spotted octopuses and leopard sharks. Interesting diving sites you will find at Kangaroo Island in South Australia (there are remains of sunken ships), in Western Australia near Rottnest Island, Esperance, Albany, and at the Ningaloo Reef.
But, probably, the most popular places for scuba diving in Australia are located at Great Barrier Reef. The main part of the reef has an age of about 500,000 years. During all this time the reefs have grown at an average hight of 120 meters. Reef width varies from 300 meters in the north to 5 kilometers to the south. The average summer temperature of about +30°C, and the water temperature +26°C. Underwater visibility is between 10 and 30 meters.
Scuba Diving Australia: Several Scuba Diving Centres
Scuba Diving In Australia: Great Barrier Reef
Great Barrier Reef - the most magnificent structure on earth built by living organisms and from space it can be seen as a white stripe on the blue surface of the water. This is a unique piece of nature with a tropical exotic flora and fauna, wonderful beaches and crystal clear water. The Great Barrier Reef is the largest submarine park in the world and the most famous place for scuba diving in Australia. Among the islands of the Great Barrier Reef there are coral islands , hardly ascending above the sea surface, and high islands, formed by ancient rocks and covered with forest. Around them is usually formed their own coral reefs. But all of them, along with the reefs and sandbanks, form a single surface, which sometimes going for three hundred meters deep.
Average air temperature on the islands of the Great Barrier Reef is 28 degrees centigrade in autumn and spring, in winter - it's 25 degrees centigrade, and in summer 30 degrees centigrade.
Scuba diving in Australia: Great Barrier Reef Map
Scuba Diving In Australia: Great Barrier Reef - The Most Popular Dive Sites
Heron Island is located in the heart of the Great Barrier Reef. The island was declared a National Nature Reserve in 1943. Its location is in the center of a dense ring of coral formations, the island is popular for scuba diving in Australia. The amazing array of wildlife that call Heron Island home including the iconic Loggerhead and Green Turtles can be explored with a number of activities, the most popular of which are snorkelling and scuba diving. This island is famous throughout the world for more than 20 of Australia’s best dive sites, approximately 50% of them are 15 minutes or less from the beaches of the island itself.
Heron Island Dive Sites
Heron Island Bommies, Gorgonia Hole, Fifth Point, Second Point, First Point, Blue Pools, Pams Point, Coral Gardens, Wistari Reef, Libbie's Lair, Coral Cascade, Hole in the Wall, Coral Grotto, Plate Ledge, Pams Point (Best place to see manta rays).
Another spot for exciting scuba diving in Australia is Lizard Island, which is a unique place on the Great Barrier Reef. It is located in the heart of one of the richest coral formations, close to the famous Cod Hole, where are giant fish Potato Cod, which you can hand-feed and pet, as well as many other inhabitants of the underwater world. The island is the most "exclusive" resort on the reef. Underwater world of Cod Hole is rich with groupers, big moray eels, coral salmons and red snappers. Excellent opportunity for underwater photography. Various programs for scuba diving, including dive in the domestic and the outer reef, dive cruises for 12 hours, night dives.
Scuba diving in Australia at Osprey Reef, you will marvel at the sheer size of the gorgonian fans and catch sight of marine life such as green and loggerhead turtles, both of which are listed as being conservation dependent. Osprey Reef and North Horn are famous places of sharks activity (gray whale sharks, silvertips, reef sharks). We may meet schools of barracuda, trevally, and other pelagics. There is even opportunity to feed the sharks. Water clarity and visibility of 25-40 meters.
Lady Elliot Island
Experienced or beginners in diving will submerge into the deep blue sea to see the breathtaking coral reefs and meet its inhabitants. Qualified instructors will show you the most magnificent views in the area. They take visitors to the caverns of Blow Hole, Hiro's Cave, and the Lighthouse Bommie, where divers may see manta rays. The Lady Elliot's 18-27-degree centigrade water temperature and more than 20-metre visibility create special unforgettable atmosphere for people who came to this site to do scuba diving in Australia.
Lady Elliot Island Dive Sites
Blow Hole (25m), Groper Grovel, Anchor Bommie (21m), Lighthouse Bommie (15m), Coral Garden (12m), Encounter (5-12m), Hiro's Cave (25m), Maori Wrasse Bommie (20m), Turtle Station, Outer Bommie, Three Pyramids (18m), The SharkPools.
Scuba Diving In Australia: Whitsunday Islands
The Whitsunday Islands is a group of over 150 divine sanctuaries of distinct sizes and beauty situated at the very heart of the Great Barrier Reef, off the Queensland regional coast in Australia. Although most of the islands in Whitsunday are uninhabited, six main islands (South Molle, Long, Hayman, Hamilton, Daydream and Brampton) offers world class resorts.
Whitsunday Islands has always been at the top of one of the finest dive sites in the world, because it is a very peaceful place. In case of bad weather, however, the visibility can be poor. Tidal movement can affect diving in Whitsunday Islands and the Great Barrier Reef. So, make sure that you plan your vacation in a time when there is very little difference between the high and low tides. Visibility is usually good an hour before high tide comes up. This is a time when you can enjoy the beauty of the precious coral reefs at its best.
Manta rays can be found at the southern end of Bait Reef on the Manta Ray Drop-Off in winter period. The Stepping Stones, also in Bait Reef, is a great place to see marine life, watch the groupers, sweetlips, coral trouts, lion fish, moral eels and more.
Whitsunday Islands Dive Sites
Blue Pearl Bay, Maureen's Cove, Manta Ray Bay, Hayman Island, Hooks Island, Fairy Reef and Hardy Reef.
Scuba Diving In Australia: Adelaide, South Australia
We may find quite a few dive sites in local waters around lovely capital of South Australia - no need to travel to Caribbean or Micronesia to make close encounters with marine animals!. Two of the most famous dive sites are HMAS Hobart and Seacliff Reef.
The HMAS Hobart was scuttled at the end of 2002 near Wirrina, south of Adelaide. Hobart was a Charles F Adams class guided missile destroyer. Its length is about 130m long and it's 14m wide. Ship is sitting about 7.5 km off shore in 30m of water. The site is subject to very strong currents, so its best to dive the site on a neap tide when the current is much weaker. Because of its size, you’ll need quite a few dives to see everything. Quite a bit of growth has gathered on the hull which is very colourful with sponges, seaweed, and acroporas. Not too many fish call the wreck home and the only one we can meet in abundance is the flathead.
While doing scuba diving in Australia, we will definitely want to visit Seacliff reef, which is a curved reef system about 4km out from the shore. The reef is one of the jewels of diving in South Australia: the fish life is amazing, the variety is exceptional and the dive itself is very relaxing. Seacliff reef is part of the old shoreline from about 10,000 years ago. It's now home to thousands of blue devils and many other marine animals. Regarded by many as the best scuba site in the Adelaide region, this has long been a favourite site for scuba divers to enjoy.
Fish are very familiar with divers and feeding it is everyday practice. Some divers spend their entire dive in 12m of water feeding the fish and observing. However there is more to see at this site by moving along the half-moon shaped reef. Leafy sea dragons, wobbegong sharks and giant cuttlefish are often seen here too. Seacliff reef is a great scuba dive site and relatively safe with a max depth of 15m.
Scuba Diving In Australia: Port Lincoln, South Australia
Unique expeditions to see Great White sharks are held annually from Adelaide. Trips designed for 5, 6, 8 or 10 days. Some of them are conducted by famous Rodney Fox - Australian diver and the best shark expert. This is one of the top attractions for bold divers who came scuba diving in Australia.
There are many tours offered in Port Lincoln that offers people a chance to meet this fearsome creature in close distance. Encounter with giant fish that is swimming around the cage with the travelers, and touching its steel bars - is the incredible power of emotion and adrenaline rush. Expeditions took place on the ship along with the research group, which gives the opportunity to learn many new things about the inhabitants of the underwater world. Diving in the cage is totally safe.
Port Linkoln Dive Sites
Dangerous Reef/Neptune Island Famous for the Great White Sharks. April to September (depth 10-15 meters).
Scuba Diving In Australia: Ningaloo Reef
It is isolated and distanced from the tourist spots, that's why it is still intact. Ningaloo is a fringing reef in 161 km long, runs along the outer boundary of the distant North-West Cape, about 1930 km north of Perth in Western Australia.
Every year in March, according to the phases of the moon, countless reef-building coral polyps are throwing in the sea matured eggs at the same time. In anticipation of this significant day, masses of plankton are coming to the shore in anticipation of the feast! Whale sharks do not have to wait long and coming here to feed on plankton. Here come also great white sharks every year. To avoid irritating behavior of sharks, the government of Western Australia proclaimed a policy of "not touching" and the encounters with whale sharks have become longer and more peaceful.
At Ningaloo live 470 species of fish, 200 species of coral, 600 species of molluscs, and the sea turtle habitat density is higher than the Great Barrier Reef. Ningaloo is also visited by humpback whales and their calves during migration. Often there are seen manta rays. This area is a perfect and still untouched spot for scuba diving in Australia.